A hacker should know 2 more programming languages so in this post i am explaining about which programming language a hacker should learn for hacking and top 6 most helpful websites to learn programming languages easily.
having the prior knowledge of programming is something which will separate you from all the other script kiddes( Wanna be hackers) and other tool lovers out there, Lots of times during penetration tests you come across a point where you need to write or build your own custom scripts and programs this is where the knowledge of programming comes handy.

The other and by the far the most important advantage of programming is that you will be able to understand exploit codes and even learn to write them too, Though there are softwares which have made the process of exploit writing much simpler, but you still need to have a solid grasp of programming languages in order to know how the exploits work.

Now that you have understood the importance of learning programming languages, You might be asking yourself “where to began”, “Which programming language” should I began learning with, Don’t worry, I have seen these types of questions asked a lot in various hacking communities and forums, The answer to these questions is that it depends on your interest.

Web Hackin

Now if you are interested in webhacking subject, subject then I would recommend you to learn the following languages:

1. HTML – Start with Html if you don’t know it


2. Javascript – Next learn javascript, which will help you understanding the fundamentals of cross site scripting which will be explained later in this book.

3. SQL Databases – You should learn to work with databases, which will help you to understand the fundamentals of SQL Injection attacks which will be also explained later in this book when we come to the Web Application hacking chapter.

4. PHP – Learning PHP should be your one of your first priorities if you want to understand the mechanisms behind the web hacking attacks. I would recommend you to learn it as soon as possible.
Recommended Sources: 

5. W3schools – W3schools has wide variety of e-learning courses including languages like PHP, HTML, Javascripts etc, If you have zero knowledge of programming languages try starting with HTML and javascript.


Exploit Writing 

Exploit writing is a very difficult segment in hacking as it requires pure programming knowledge, which is why I will not recommend you to start with exploit writing, Exploits are/can be coded in almost any programming language e.g C/C++, Python, Perl etc, but more than 50% of the exploits you will find on the web will be coded in C/C++ languages because they were present before any one of other languages. Languages such as C and C++ are considered as programming languages where as languages such as ruby, perl and python are considered more as scripting languages.

I would recommend you to start with C languages and then to C++, C/C++ have lots of similarities, so if you could get a good grasp on any one of them you can learn the other one easily.

Ruby

Talking about scripting languages, I would recommend you to start with Ruby, Ruby is one of my most favorite programming language as it’s purely objected oriented which means that everything you work on is an object. Ruby is really useful when it comes to exploit writing, Ruby is used for coding meterpreter scripts and what could be more better that the Metasploit framework itself was coded in ruby language.

Python

Python is also a very useful programming language, it can also be used for exploit writing, If you go for python first then make sure that you learn Python socket programming as it will help you a lot in the exploit creation process.

PERL

Talking about PERL, it’s also used widely for exploit writing, you will find lots of exploits out there written in PERL, but the problem is that perl is really difficult compared to other languages such as ruby and python, so I would recommend you to learn it at the very end.


Reverse Engineering

Reverse engineering is an act of tampering softwares, applications to make them work out way, If you are interested in reverse engineering and software cracking stuffs then you would surely need to learn Assembly language.


If you are serious about learning to code in assembly then I would recommend you to read jeff Duterman’s “Assembly Language Step-by-step” book.

Most 6 Helpful Websites To Learn Computer 

Programming Languages


Ever wanted to learn computer programming languages, but didn’t know where to start? Well, those days are over. Today learning programming languages is not really a hard job. If you are a beginner and have aptitude to learn computer programming then you can accomplish this goal within a few months. Here are the top 6 websites, which are useful for learning programming.

1. W3schools.com

If you are a beginner or intermediate programmer, then w3schools is an excellent website for learning programming. W3schools offer tutorials for a variety of web programming and scripting languages such as html, html5, css, asp, Ajax, JavaScript, php, jQuery etc. So, if you are into web development then w3schools would be a great learning resource.

2. Codeavengers.com:

If you want learn coding for making games, apps or websites using html/html5, css3, JavaScript python, but want an entertaining teaching resource. Then codeavengers.com is ideal choice for you. Codeavengers.com was designed by keeping difficulty for beginners in mind. It provides a fun and interactive learning environment that is effective for all age groups. Even if you are an intermediate programmer, you might find some great learning stuff there.



3. Codecademy.com

Codeacademy is another great website, for learning languages like JavaScript, HTML/CSS, PHP, Python, and Ruby. You can even learn how to use some popular web APIs in your website or app.  Codeacademy has a great modern learning system, which is based on user interaction. It has full-fledged programming courses for beginners. Again, this website is great for beginners and intermediate learners. But advanced programmers can also find some pretty useful stuff there.

4. tutorialspoint.com

Tutorialspoint has tutorials for a lot of web, high level and scripting languages that are commonly used today. You can find tutorials for any computer language that you have ever heard of (those that are currently in used). Apart from that, it also features a variety of tutorials for other fields such as DIP, OS, SEO, Telecom, DBMS, and frameworks etc.  Some commonly used languages that you can learn there are: Java, C++, PHP, Python, Ruby, C#, Perl, VB.Net, ios.

5. msdn.microsoft.com

Although, beginner programmers might find MSDN (Microsoft Developer Network) a tough learning resource, it is still the best resource you can get, if you want to master Microsoft oriented languages such as VB.Net, C# etc. MSDN has great tutorials for beginners, intermediate and advance programmers.
But as I stated earlier, beginners might not be initially comfortable with MDSN, as I has really a lot of resources that it would be a hard time for beginners to find what they are looking for. But if you get used to MSDN, then it is the ideal learning point for Microsoft oriented languages. You can get a lot of sample applications, tutorials and resources that are uploaded by Microsoft and MSDN community. Since it’s a developer’s network, you can even find development help from community members.




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